Cognitive Systems

Cognitive Systems

March 2012 – Vol 14 – No. 1


Dear Colleagues,

Cognition is a collection of all the elements of consciousness: the way it is acquired, the way information is absorbed and processed, the consequences of this, the reactions and attitudes that it engenders, the results of the decisions made, the possible pathologies involved, and then the thoughts of neurophysiologists, and indeed of therapists, on these cases. In Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience 52, the coordinators wished to provide an overview of some of the systems which make up the different stages of the cognitive process. There are implications relating to constructive memory, intelligence, (in an adaptive sense), cortical neuroanatomy, and the relationship to behavior. These different themes have led authors to address the issue of creativity, and the previously mentioned observations have brought about some extremely interesting digressions on the confrontation between scientific and artistic approaches to this. Additionally, when the aforementioned mechanisms are brought into play, one can begin to question one’s own consciousness, the reconstruction of one’s self-image, the affective processes governing particular cognitive phenomena, decision-making, and a possible quantification of creativity. As can be observed, the concept of cognition has been considerably developed in recent years, making up a link between various technologies which have matured during this period, be they those of structural or functional imaging, or the relationship between these new approaches and different research areas. We considered that the theme of this issue would be extremely interesting for clinicians in the future, where an inevitable meeting of internists and psychiatrists will take place. So that these various reflections could be well presented, we called upon talented coordinators who were able to recruit some brilliant authors, whose work you will find in this issue. We thank them warmly, as much on behalf of our journal as that of our readers.

Sincerely yours,
Jean-Paul Macher, MD

In This issue

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Nancy C. Andreasen, MD, PhD

State of the art

Constructive memory: past and future
Daniel L. Schacter (USA)

Robert J. Sternberg (USA)

Research Domain Criteria: cognitive systems, neural circuits, and dimensions of behavior
Sarah E. Morris; Bruce N. Cuthbert (USA)

Basic research

Executive control: balancing stability and flexibility via the duality of evolutionary neuroanatomical trends
Robert M. Bilder (USA)

Creativity in art and science: are there two cultures?
Nancy C. Andreasen (USA)

Consciousness regained? Philosophical arguments for and against reductive physicalism
Thomas Sturm (Spain)

Clinical research

Struggle for life, struggle for love and recognition: the neglected self in social cognitive neuroscience
Sergio Paradiso; David Rudrauf (USA)

Heuristic decision making in medicine
Julian N. Marewski; Gerd Gigerenzer (Switzerland,Germany)

Clinical applications of neuropsychological assessment
Philip D. Harvey (USA)

Brief report

Quantifying creativity: can measures span the spectrum?
Dean Keith Simonton (USA)